VisionWhen newborn, baby's vision is still blurred and can only see something that is 20-30 cm apart, see the size of objects whether large or small, and bright or dark shadows. His eyesight only develops around the age of 4 months, when his eyes can follow the movements of objects and begin to see all colors. He will be able to estimate the distance when he can walk and crawl at the age of 8-12 months. How to stimulate:
- Room decoration with bold patterns and bright colors.
- Smile and talk to the baby even though he doesn't understand what your words mean. He will pay attention to changes in your expression and see your movements.
- Playing peekaboo, especially when a baby starts 4 months old, can help coordinate the movement of the eyes and hands.
- Take the baby out of the house like to go to the park so he can see different things.
- Bring the baby closer to the mirror so that he observes his own reflection.
- The study found that even babies aged 2 days can mimic simple movements such as sticking out the tongue.
HearingThe baby's hearing actually has developed since in the womb, so after birth he will be familiar with his mother's voice. First, the baby will learn to recognize the mother's voice, feel the touch, and look at the mother's face. In the early days or weeks of birth, when he hears his mother's voice, usually he will stop moving for a moment, or even look for the source of the sound. How to stimulate:
- Getting used to smiling, talking, and treating your child gently will make him associate your presence with comfort, warmth, and fulfillment of nutrition.
- Sing a slow song to calm the baby, especially when the baby is fussy.
- Play soothing music, then hold the baby while moving to the beat of the music.
- You can try various expressions like sticking out your tongue and smiling to stimulate the baby.
- Reading books to babies can be done even since the baby is still in the womb. Although he does not understand the contents of the reading, but reading can strengthen the relationship between mother and baby, both for emotional intelligence, and can be the foundation later to talk. Seeing colorful pictures on books can also be fun for babies. Try reading books to babies for at least 10 minutes per day.
- You can make a jingle by filling a small plastic bottle with dried green beans so that they can sound when moved. Don't forget to close it tightly and seal the bottle cap so it can't be opened.